The add-on allows you to build multitenant Jmix applications where data from multiple tenants is stored in a single database. A single instance of the application can cater to multiple tenants, defined as groups of users who are isolated from each other and have access only to specific (often read-only) data.

In a multitenant Jmix application, there are two main categories of data:

  • Common Data:

    • Data that is shared among all tenants in the application.

    • Tenants have read-only access to this common data, which is universally accessible but cannot be modified by individual tenants.

  • Tenant-Specific Data:

    • Data specific to each tenant and not visible or accessible to other tenants.

    • Tenants have full access to their own tenant-specific data, allowing them to interact with and modify this data as needed without affecting data belonging to other tenants.

By implementing multitenancy in Jmix applications, developers can efficiently manage and deliver services to multiple clients or user groups, ensuring data isolation, security, and personalized access controls based on the specific needs of each tenant. This approach optimizes data organization and access while maintaining data privacy and integrity across different user groups.

The Generic REST add-on does not fully support multitenancy. It doesn’t separate entity instances by tenants.


For automatic installation through Jmix Marketplace, follow instructions in the Add-ons section.

For manual installation, add the following dependencies to your build.gradle:

implementation 'io.jmix.multitenancy:jmix-multitenancy-starter'
implementation 'io.jmix.multitenancy:jmix-multitenancy-flowui-starter'

How it Works

In your project, tenant-specific entities should include a String attribute annotated with @TenantId. When a tenant user loads these entities, the framework applies a WHERE condition based on the tenant-id attribute to the JPQL query to fetch only the data relevant to the user’s tenant. Additionally, the tenant-id attribute gets automatically assigned to the current user’s tenant when saving new entities.

There is no automatic filtering for native SQL, so tenant users should not have access to any functionality that provides access to native SQL or Groovy code (JMX Console, creating reports, etc.).

In your project, the User entity should include a tenant-id attribute. This attribute must be assigned a specific value for all tenant users. Users without a value in this attribute (those not linked to any specific tenant) can access data from all tenants. This setup is suitable for global administrators who are responsible for configuring tenants and overseeing the entire system.

The following entities of Jmix modules have sysTenantId attribute and support multitenancy:

  • EntityLogItem

  • SendingMessage

  • SendingAttachment

  • Report

  • ReportGroup

  • ResourceRoleEntity

  • RowLevelRoleEntity

  • FilterConfiguration

Managing Tenants

The add-on provides the Multitenancy → Tenants view that enables global administrators to create and modify tenants.

The tenant registration entity has two attributes:

  • Tenant id - an identifier utilized in tenant-specific entities. It cannot be changed after creation.

  • Tenant name - a descriptive name of the tenant.

tenants view

Tenant Users

In multitenant applications, users within different tenants can have the same login names. To ensure that each username attribute is unique across the entire application, tenant users should register with a username that includes tenant-id prefix. For instance, if there are two different users named Alice in t1 and t2 tenants, their usernames should be t1|alice and t2|alice, respectively.

Tenant users can log in to the application by providing the complete username, including the tenant-id, such as t1|alice.

You can implement your own scheme of unique usernames instead of the method described above.

Configuring Users

In this section, we will explain the process of setting up user management and authentication in your project to support multitenancy.

  1. Add a string attribute to your User entity and annotate it with the @TenantId annotation:

    @Column(name = "TENANT")
    private String tenant;
    public String getTenant() {
        return tenant;
    public void setTenant(String tenant) {
        this.tenant = tenant;
  2. Implement the io.jmix.multitenancy.core.AcceptsTenant interface in the User entity. The getTenantId() method must return the attribute marked with @TenantId annotation:

    public class User implements JmixUserDetails, HasTimeZone, AcceptsTenant {
        // ...
        public String getTenantId() {
            return tenant;
  3. Add the tenant column to the data grid in user-list-view.xml:

    <column property="tenant"/>
  4. Add field for selecting tenant in user-detail-view.xml:

    <comboBox id="tenantField" property="tenant" readOnly="true"/>
  5. Add the following to the UserDetailView class:

    private JmixComboBox<String> tenantField;
    private TenantProvider tenantProvider;
    private MultitenancyUiSupport multitenancyUiSupport;
    public void onInit(final InitEvent event) {
    public void onInitEntity(final InitEntityEvent<User> event) {
    public void onBeforeShow(final BeforeShowEvent event) {
        String currentTenantId = tenantProvider.getCurrentUserTenantId();
        if (!currentTenantId.equals(TenantProvider.NO_TENANT)
                && Strings.isNullOrEmpty(tenantField.getValue())) {
    public void onTenantFieldComponentValueChange(final AbstractField.ComponentValueChangeEvent<JmixComboBox<String>, String> event) {
                multitenancyUiSupport.getUsernameByTenant(usernameField.getValue(), event.getValue())
  6. To enable the usage of identical login names across various tenants as previously explained, include the following code snippet in your LoginView class:

    private MultitenancyUiSupport multitenancyUiSupport;
    private Location currentLocation; (1)
    public void beforeEnter(BeforeEnterEvent event) {
        currentLocation = event.getLocation();
    public void onLogin(final LoginEvent event) {
        String username = multitenancyUiSupport.getUsernameByLocation(event.getUsername(), currentLocation);
        try {
                    AuthDetails.of(username, event.getPassword())
        } catch (BadCredentialsException | DisabledException | LockedException | AccessDeniedException e) {
  "Login failed", e);
    1 Use the com.vaadin.flow.router.Location object to work with the current URL.

Configuring Security

When setting up roles for tenant users, do not include the tenant-id attributes in entity attribute policies to hide them from users. For instance, if the Customer entity is specific to a certain tenant and includes a tenant attribute annotated with @TenantId, the role granting access to this entity should explicitly specify the attributes and exclude the tenant attribute:

@ResourceRole(name = "UsersRole", code = UsersRole.CODE, scope = "UI")
public interface UsersRole {
    String CODE = "users-role";

    @EntityAttributePolicy(entityClass = Customer.class,
            attributes = {"id", "name", "region", "version"},
            action = EntityAttributePolicyAction.MODIFY)
    @EntityPolicy(entityClass = Customer.class, actions = EntityPolicyAction.ALL)
    void customer();